Over 70% of Americans drink from the tap, but we’re sipping on more than just water. According to the EPA, more than 60,000 chemicals pollute our cups. Yet, the Safe Drinking Water Act regulates only 91 of these containments. Even worse, no chemicals have been added since 2000. The results of this outdated law can be life-threatening, as ingesting these toxins can cause cancer, brain damage, and other diseases.

While the EPA has been slow to evolve, water treatment technology has not. Filtering tap water reduces this long-term exposure, and in-home filtration systems can protect against the following five contaminants.

Nitrates

This chemical leeches into the groundwater supply from fertilizers and septic tanks. It is especially widespread in rural areas, and short-term consumption can be dangerous, especially to infants. Nitrates restrict the amount of oxygen in the blood, so symptoms can include trouble breathing, digestive problems, brain damage, and death.

Chlorine

Chlorine kills germ, pathogens, and other microbes. For this reason, it is intentionally added to the water supply. But, it can also be harmful when mixed with other compounds. Low levels can trigger diarrhea, nausea, cramps, and kidney problems. Water treatment systems often eliminate this threat, and whole-house filters remove it from your water supply altogether.

Arsenic

Found naturally in soils, arsenic is common in areas with sharp, geological features. Water runs through the rocks, dissolves the arsenic, and carries it underground. This metallic poison has been linked to skin discoloration and cancer.

Fluoride

Fluoride is another additive that can be potentially harmful. While it helps slow tooth decay in smaller doses, high levels may impair muscles, stiffen joints and weaken your bones. Evidence suggests that continuous fluoride contact may even restrict brain development. Like chlorine, water treatment technology offers a solution through reverse osmosis and distillation products, which filter away this compound.

Lead

Lead is potentially fatal even in low quantities. Corroding plumbing is a major source of lead pollution in urban environments, as old pipes within cities contribute to these unsafe levels. Children experience increased violent behavior and learning disabilities when exposed, and adults are likely to face seizures and reproductive issues.

Although these contaminants are scary, you have options that can help. The EPA may not flush all of these toxins away, but home filtration and water treatment technology services will.

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